Slanic Prahova – salt mine history
The salt mine exploitation at Salina Slănic Prahova has been carried out for more than three centuries. The beginning of salt mine dates back to 1685, when Mihail Cantacuzino understood the abundance of salt resources in the Slănic Prahova region, deciding to buy Slănic estate and opened a mine. The document that records the transaction highlights the presence of small-scale salt mines at 5 km east of Slănic (Teişani).
In 1688 the first salt exploitation was opened at Verde Valley, downowed by one in Baia Baciului. In 1713 Mihail Cantacuzino donated his estate from Slănic to Colţea Monastery.
Between 1601-1700, salt mining was carried out at Baia Verde, Dorobanţeşti and Baia Baciului, using the “bell” method, the access was made through two compartments: a vertical one used to remove the salt and the other oblique for entry and exit .
In 1912 two new salt mines were opened Mihai mine, when electric lighting was introduced, and Carol mine. Both were operated simultaneously until 1943 when a new mining operation developed under them. This mine was called the Union, and it was in operation until 1970 when it moved to Victoria mine.
The salt mine
Unirea mine is the result of 2.9 million m3 of salt deposit the excavation, which created cavities with gigantic volumes: 14 rooms – 80,000 sqm with trapezoidal profile.
What can you do in the mine? Unirea mine is so big that it includes fields design for sports activities like volleyball, handball, tennis and mini football, playgrounds for kids, and even carting. You will find a relaxation area equipped with beds, tables & chairs where visitors with respiratory disorders can spend a few hours.
The special microclimate is the natural way of treating respiratory diseases. The effectiveness of this microclimate was discovered over 100 years ago. Sports competitions and exhibitions are organized in Unirea mine. In the Mihai mine, vertically separated from Unirea mine by 40 m of salt, national and international aeromodelling competitions take place. This is possible due to the special climate in which the air circulation speed is close to “0.